Mergers and acquisitions are frequent letdowns for all parties involved. Stuff can look great on paper, but when it comes to actual execution, things can get complicated and costly fast.
A Harvard Business Review report from 2016 says 70 to 90 per cent of acquisitions are “abysmal failures.”
But when all angles are covered, the results are hard to deny.
The list, which now includes Salesforce’s acquisition of Slack, is up to date as of Dec. 2, 2020.
12. HP buys EDS ($15.4 billion, 2008)
The second largest of HP’s giant acquisitions was of EDS (Electronic Data Systems), an infrastructure, applications, and business process outsourcing service provider.
Despite the huge sum, price per share for EDS was only $25. The company itself was quite large, with 210,000 employees worldwide. The deal was approved unanimously by both HP and EDS boards of directors.
11. Salesforce buys Tableau ($15.7 billion, 2019)
Saleforce’s desire for Tableau was realized to the tune of a $15.7 billion all-stock acquisition in June 2019, making it the biggest purchase in Saleforce’s history and the eighth largest acquisition on our list.
As a cloud-based software company, Salesforce specializes in customer-relation management using a suite of services. With this in mind, its reasons for wanting Tableau, which specializes in data analysis, is palpable. As of this post’s latest update, Saleforce’s integration strategy for Tableau remains unclear.
10. Facebook buys WhatsApp ($19 billion, 2014)
Is $19 billion too much to pay for an app? Not if you’re Facebook, and not if your goal is to simply amass as many users (and their data) as you can.
The 2014 deal, which may have costed the social network up to $22 billion when all was said and done, netted it more than just a hugely popular internet-based messaging app, it also came with 450 million users.
In January this year, WhatsApp’s user base had grown to 700 million.
9. Microsoft buys LinkedIn ($26 billion, 2016)
There is a new acquisition in third place, and the title goes to Microsoft. The spot was formerly held by Facebook’s acquisition of WhatsApp.
At $26 billion, this deal would become not only the third largest tech acquisition of all time, but also Microsoft’s largest acquisition under CEO Satya Nadella. However, he is far from the first executive to try to put a stamp on the company with an acquisition.
8. Salesforce buys Slack ($27.7 billion, 2020)
With the acquisition, Slack becomes the new interface for Salesforce Customer 360. During the time of the acquisition, salesforce said it’s looking to “give companies a single source of truth for their business,” by unifying the platforms they use within their existing workflows.
In recent years, Slack’s market share has been chipped away by Microsoft Teams. To cement its position, Slack signed a multi-year agreement with AWS to host Slack’s voice chat and video meetings on Amazon Chime. Amazon has also been selected as the preferred partner for Slack’s core functions including security, storage, and database. Amazon has also agreed to use Slack as its primary communication tool in its workplace.
7. SoftBank buys ARM ($32.3 billion, 2016)
The new entry to the top 10 tech acquisitions list reached an impressive No. 3 spot. The announcement that SoftBank Group Corp. would be purchasing U.K.-based chip designer ARM Holdings PLC for 24.3 billion pounds ($32.2-billion) represents a sound, but head-scratching, investment by the Japanese telecommunications giant, experts say.
Those that spoke with CDN were up in arms over whether the acquisition of a chip maker – a ubiquitous one at that – was a good strategy for a company better known for software.
6. HP buys Compaq ($33.6 billion, 2001)
The purchase of Compaq was, arguably, one of the worst deals in the tech industry. Back in the days when HP was looking to grow rather than shed parts left and right, it acquired the PC maker at a staggering $33.6 billion. This took place despite the fact that both companies were struggling before the acquisition was announced.
The deal that was touted as a shake-up for the industry led to a drop in HP’s stock prices to less than half, and was accompanied by accusations of vote-buying among shareholders. Then-chief executive and most recently U.S. presidential hopeful Carly Fiorina was fired for trying to put her stamp on the company.
5. IBM acquires Red Hat ($34 billion, Oct. 28, 2018)
Raliegh, N.C.-based Red Hat was founded in 1993 and has built a multi-national firm based on providing enterprise services around open source software, and is perhaps best known for its Linux server operating system. Its collaborated with the wide-ranging IT solutions and services provider IBM for the past 20 years, according to a press release. Those projects included developing Linux for the enterprise and more recently, on hybrid cloud infrastructure.
In a statement, IBM CEO Gini Rometty framed the deal as one that will make IBM the leader in hybrid cloud solutions, and remain firmly committed to open source. She says Big Blue is set up to lead a market that’s worth more than $1 trillion. The deal strategically pits IBM against Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure, which use proprietary platforms in their public cloud operations.
4. AMD acquires Xilinx ($35 billion, 2020)
AMD has purchased Xilinx, the semiconductor company that pioneered the first field-programmable gate array (FPGA) for US$35 billion, the biggest deal in the company’s history.
It is an all-stock deal, with AMD estimating the combined enterprise value to be around US$135 billion. With the acquisition, AMD is aiming to use Xilinx’s FPGAs and adaptive SoCs products to better address cloud computing and data centre platforms.
3. Avago buys Broadcom ($37 billion, 2015)
When Avago set its sight on Broadcom, it spent $37 billion to nab its entire asset, cementing the acquisition as the second biggest tech purchase in history.
Avago Technologies was a semiconductor technology company that mostly produced chips used in industrial and communication settings. Broadcom, on the other hand, produced wireless communication equipment. After the acquisition was finalized, Avago promptly consolidated its name into Broadcom.
But even the Broadcom acquisition seemed paltry compared to the bold offer for Qualcomm Inc. Soon after changing its name, Avago (now Broadcom Ltd.) tried to snag Qualcomm with a $121 billion offer — double what Dell paid for EMC and the single largest offer in the tech industry, ever. Unfortunately, the deal was ultimately blocked by U.S. President Donald Trump due to national security concerns.
2. NVIDIA acquires Arm ($40 billion, 2020)
NVIDIA has acquired Arm Limited from SoftBank Group and the SoftBank Vision Fund (together, “SoftBank”) in a transaction valued at $40 billion, which makes it the second-largest tech acquisition of all time and the largest of this new decade. As part of NVIDIA, Arm will continue to operate its open-licensing model.
The combination brings together NVIDIA’s AI computing platform with Arm’s ecosystem to create the computing company for the age of AI, accelerating innovation, says NVIDIA. SoftBank will remain committed to Arm’s long-term success through its ownership stake in NVIDIA, expected to be under 10 per cent.
1. Dell buys EMC ($67 billion, 2015)
In what has now become the largest tech acquisition of all time, and one of the largest in any industry, hardware maker Dell purchased storage giant EMC for a whopping $67 billion in 2016.
The latter will now be renamed to Dell Technologies. The acquisition means that Dell will become relevant in four major areas, namely servers, storage, virtualization and PCs. The company wants to be an end-to-end technology provider.
Honourable mention: Intel acquires Mobileye ($15.3 billion, 2017)
Intel Corp. announced in mid-March that it will be acquiring Mobileye NV, an Israel-based company specializing in chips for vision-based autonomous vehicles, in a deal valued at approximately $15.3 billion. An Intel subsidiary will buy all Mobileye shares for $63.53 per share in cash as the company ramps up investment in the automotive industry to become a leader in self-driving technology.
However, the transaction is unique in the sense that instead of Mobileye being integrated into Intel like a typical acquisition, “Intel’s Automated Driving Group will be integrated into Mobileye,” says Ziv Aviram, the company’s cofounder, president and CEO, in a Mar. 13 email to employees. The deal will create a global autonomous driving organization that will be headquartered in Israel and led by Amnon Shashua, Mobileye’s other cofounder, as well as chairman and CTO.
Honourable mention: Symantec buys Veritas ($13.5 billion, 2005)
In what would be a decade in the making, storage management software maker Veritas Software Corporation was purchased in 2005 and only reemerged as Veritas Technologies Corporation under Symantec that year.
During this time, the software developer was first integrated into Symantec before the latter announced (last October) it would be splitting off the subsidiary, which now handles information management. With the purchase, however, Symantec gained access to Veritas’ various Fortune 500 clients.
Honourable mention: Google buys Motorola ($12.5 billion, 2011)
In what may sound like a bad deal on paper, Google paid $12.5 billion for Motorola’s mobility business only to sell it to Lenovo for $2.91 billion a couple years later. Yet, this would be to misunderstand Google’s strategy for buying Motorola in the first place.
Unlike most other acquisitions, this was about Google acquiring patents (which the search giant retained after the sale to Lenovo) to defend itself against Apple rather than have an integrated hardware maker. In the end, with the purchase process and delays applied and Lenovo’s payment factored in, Google only paid about $3.5 billion for Motorola’s patent portfolio.
Honourable mention: AOL buys Time Warner ($106 billion, 2000)
While AOL paid the twelve-digit figure for the media corporation, the former has all but faded in part due to the dot-com bust. While not a tech acquisition per se, it’s one that can’t be left off the list.